Orangutan is one of the rare animals that has been protected by law. These animals come from tropical forest areas in Sumatra and Kalimantan. Indonesian native orangutans are not monkeys but belong to the Apefamily.
Not something that is easy to see orangutans up close. However, for those of you who want to see this brown-haired primate, you can visit directly to its natural habitat. Here are five National Parks to see orangutans in Indonesia to see the Orangutan.
Tanjung Puting National Park, Central Kalimantan
Tanjung Puting National Park (TNTP) in Central Kalimantan is the best spot to see orangutans. This rainforest has an area of more than four thousand square kilometers. Tanjung Puting is filled with orangutans that are easily found on top of trees and in mangrove swamps. The best way to see wild orangutans in Tanjung Puting is to go along the Sekonyer River using a klotok.
To be able to enjoy your tour in Tanjung Puting, you can book tour packages at various travel agents like Be Borneo Tour. That way you will get a complete package orangutan tour around Tanjung Puting along with the guide.
Tanjung Puting is also a research location for students from Columbia University. The Camp Leakey rehabilitation center will save orangutans from their natural habitat while forest fires and illegal logging are still rife in Central Kalimantan.
Kutai National Park, East Kalimantan
The Kutai National Park (TNK) located in East Kalimantan is home to around two thousand orangutans. Unfortunately, much of this forest has been destroyed by deforestation and fires in the past.
Until finally leaving only 30 percent of forests that are still healthy or original. However, to date the recovery steps are still being taken so that they can become a suitable place for orangurans.
The place that can be visited to see orangutans is the Prevab Forest which is still within the Kutai National Park area. Unlike TNTP, in KNP there is still no specific area for conservation. So, orangutans here are still allowed to live in the wild without human intervention.
In addition to seeing orangutans, in this area you can also see a variety of exotic flora and fauna, such as sun bears, flat-headed cats, and long-tailed macaques. To be able to trek in this Kutai National Park, you need to get permission in advance and will be guided by local guides.
Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan
Gunung Palung National Park (TNGP) located in West Kalimantan is home to around two thousand orangutans. This area is still protected from human activities. Its wide natural landscape, makes TNGP has several ecosystems in one area. You can find mangrove forests, freshwater swamp forests, swamp forests, peat forests, tropical rain forests, mountain rain forests, and rheofite vegetation.
Besides orangutans, in this National Park you can find proboscis monkey which is endemic to Borneo. You can find it along the river banks of peat swamp forests and mangrove forests.
Betung Kerihun National Park, West Kalimantan
Betung Kerihun National Park (TNBK) runs along the border of West Kalimantan with Sarawak of Malaysia. This area has four main waterways that flow from the other side of the border.
Betung Kerihun National Park is run by Nanga Potan people who facilitate long boats and have insight into wild orangutans in the region. If you want to see orangutans in this National Park, you will usually be guided by local residents.
Gunung Leuser National Park, Aceh
Gunung Leuser National Park (TNGL) is a national park within the provinces of Aceh and North Sumatra. This National Park is a native habitat for Sumatran orangutans. One of the orangutan conservation spots in this area is Bukit Lawang, located in Bohorok District, Langkat, North Sumatra. In Bukit Lawang, you can see orangutans by trekking in the forest.
You can use the services of a guide that is widely available at Bukit Lawang. You need to obey the rules provided if you want to meet orangutans during trekking. You are not allowed to feed orangutans. This is because the orangutan has to find their own food naturally.